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>>You are here: UK Limited Liability Partnerships
  UK Limited Liability Partnerships
Key Corporate Features

General

Type of entity:

LLP

Type of law:

Common

Shelf company availability:

No

Our time to establish a new company:

2 weeks

Minimum government fees (excluding taxation):

Not applicable

Taxation on foreign income:

Fiscally Transparent

Double taxation treaty access:

Fiscally Transparent

Share capital or equivalent

Standard currency:

Not applicable

Permitted currencies:

Not applicable

Minimum paid up:

Not applicable

Usual authorised:

Not applicable

Directors or Managers

Minimum number:

Two

Local required:

No

Publicly accessible records:

Yes

Location of meetings:

Anywhere

Members

Minimum number:

Two

Publicly accessible records:

Yes

Location of meetings:

Anywhere

Company Secretary

Required:

Not applicable

Local or qualified:

Not applicable

Accounts

Requirement to prepare:

Yes

Audit requirements:

Yes but small company exceptions

Requirement to file accounts:

Yes

Publicly accessible accounts:

Yes

Other

Requirement to file annual return:

Yes

Change in domicile permitted:

No

* See notes on tax below.
Important Information

UK LLPs provided by Acorn Business Services Consultancy must be formed with a view to making profit and for the purpose of undertaking the international trade of goods or services either as principal or agent or for the provision of consultancy or related services.
International UK LLPs established by Acorn Business Services Consultancy have pre-prepared operating agreements that preclude UK resident members, the undertaking of business in the UK, the ownership of property or shares and the sale of membership interests.

 

LLP Information

» Principal and Corporate Legislation
Limited Liability Partnership Act 2000
The Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 (as amended).

» Introduction
A limited liability partnership is a new form of legal business entity with limited liability.
The main features of limited liability partnerships are that they have organisational flexibility and are taxed as partnerships. In many other respects they are very similar to companies.
The Limited Liability Partnership Act 2000 generally allows two or more persons associated for carrying on a lawful business with a view to profit to form a limited liability partnership by subscribing to its incorporation document - Form LLP 2. (In law, 'person' includes individuals and companies.) However, limited liability partnerships are not available for all activities such as non profit making activities.
Every limited liability partnership must have at least two, formally appointed, designated members at all times. (Designated members are roughly analogous to the executive directors and the company secretary of a company). If there are fewer than two designated members then every member is deemed to be a designated member. (The limited liability partnership may have decided that all members will be designated members or that only some members will be designated).
With the agreement of the other members, a member may become a designated member at any time. Designated members have the same rights and duties towards the limited liability partnership as any other member. These mutual rights and duties are governed by the limited liability partnership agreement and the general law. However, the law also places extra responsibilities on designated members. In particular, designated members are responsible for:

? appointing an auditor (if one is needed)

? signing the accounts on behalf of the members

? delivering the accounts to the Registrar

? notifying the Registrar of any membership changes or change to the registered office address or name of the limited liability partnership

? preparing, signing and delivering to the registrar an annual return (Form LLP363) and

? acting on behalf of the limited liability partnership if it is wound up and dissolved.

Designated members are also accountable in law for failing to carry out these legal responsibilities.

» Procedure to Incorporate
By submission of the Incorporation Document Form LLP2, together with the registration fee to the Registrar of Companies. The following are to be confirmed to the Registrar of Companies on registration of a limited liability partnership:

? the name of the limited liability partnership

? the address of the registered office

? the names and addresses of each of the corporations or individuals that are to be the first members of the limited liability partnership on incorporation. Where they are individuals their date of birth also needs to be confirmed

? the designated members must be confirmed. The designated members are persons responsible for the statutory compliance of the limited liability partnership and need to be a minimum of two, unless membership of the limited liability partnership drops to one person only

? a compliance statement signed by a solicitor or first member confirming that the limited liability partnership is being established to carry on lawful business with a view to profit.

» Restrictions on Trading
Yes, for specified groups, which include banking, insurance, financial services, consumer credit related services and employment agencies.

» Powers of Company
A Limited Liability Partnership incorporated in the United Kingdom has the same powers as a natural person.

» Language of Legislation and Corporate Documents
English.

» Shelf Companies Available
No.

» Time to Incorporate
2 weeks.

» Name Restrictions
Any name that is identical or too similar to an existing company any name which would be considered offensive or suggests criminal activity or any name that suggests the patronage of the Royal Family or the Government of the United Kingdom.
Restricted names include the use of the following words:- assurance, bank, benevolent, building society, Chamber of Commerce, fund management, insurance, investment fund, loans, municipal, reassurance, reinsurance, savings, trust, trustees, university or their foreign language equivalents for which the approval of the Secretary of State is first required.

» Language of Name
Whilst the name of company can be in any language, the documentation must be in English. Any name in a language other than English must be accompanied by a certified translation to ensure that the name is not restricted. However, if the company is incorporated in Wales, documentation in Welsh will be accepted.

» Names Requiring Consent or Licence
Banking and all financial services activities such as insurance.

» Suffixes to Denote Limited Liability
Limited Liability Partnership or the relevant abbreviations.

» Disclosure of Beneficial Ownership to Authorities
No.


Compliance

» Capital
The minimum capital contribution is £2.

» Taxation
The members exemption from UK tax is only applicable provided that no business or trade is carried out with or within the United Kingdom.
The tax authorities in the United Kingdom have confirmed that the taxation base of a limited liability partnership will follow the procedure operated in the past for partnerships. The limited liability partnership itself will not be liable for taxation on profits or gains arising within the partnership, but the profits or gains will be assessed to tax separately on the individual partners.
In order to remain this status a limited liability partnership must be a commercial venture operating with a view to profit that is not in liquidation.

» Double Taxation Agreements
The United Kingdom is party to more double tax treaties than any other sovereign state. However, access to treaty benefits for UK LLPs is determined by the residence of members, consequently International UK LLPs established by Acorn Business Services Consultancy cannot benefit from UK treaty access.

» Licence Fees
None.

» Financial Statement Requirements
All UK LLPs are required to file accounts with the Registrar of Companies.
Audited (rather than un-audited) accounts must be delivered to Companies House if the limited liability partnership falls into any of the following categories:

Category One
A parent limited liability partnership or subsidiary undertaking (unless dormant for the period during which it was a subsidiary) except where the group:

? Qualifies as a small group or would qualify if all bodies corporate in the group were companies and

? the turnover for the whole group is not more than £1 million net or £1.2 million gross and

? the group's combined balance sheet total is not more than £1.4 million net (£1.68 million gross).

Category Two
A member of a group in which any member is:

? a public company or body corporate which (not being a company) has power under its constitution to offer shares or debentures to the public

? a banking or insurance company

? an authorised person under the Financial Services Act 1986.

Category Three
An authorised person or appointed representative under the Financial Services Act 1986.

Category Four
A special register body or employers association under the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992.

The annual accounts must contain details of:

? Turnover balance sheet signed by the designated members: an auditors' report signed by the auditor (if appropriate) notes to the accounts and group accounts (if appropriate).

? profit and loss for the year before members' remuneration/profit shares.

? where the profit figure exceeds £200,000, the amount attributable to the member with the largest profit share.

? aggregate capital or loans put in by members and aggregate amounts withdrawn during the year by members.

 


 
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